Do gay men face employment discrimination in the public sector? There are many views but little to no data related to this question. Many gay men report experiencing discrimination in hiring and on the job, and the quality of job protections in the public sector is mixed. No previous study has examined whether gay men are as likely as comparable heterosexuals to obtain government jobs or whether they receive comparable pay in the public sector. Post-1994, South Africa has become a frontrunner towards endorsing and including sexual orientation. This brought about hope for many people in the homosexual community. The “gay rights clause” in the post-apartheid Constitution prohibited the discrimination of anyone based on sexual orientation and was the first of its kind in the world. In addition, the discourse of diversity, the celebration of transformation and, particularly the right to liberty of sexual orientation, were protected as a fragment of the challenge of building a diverse, pluralistic and inclusive society.