The incumbent Andrzej Duda won the most votes in Sunday’s Polish presidential election, but fell short of the 50% he needed to win without a second round of voting. Duda, allied with Poland’s ruling Law and Justice (PiS) party, had received 43.7% of the vote with 99.78% of ballots counted and the liberal mayor of Warsaw, Rafał Trzaskowski, was in second place on 30.3%. The results mean Duda and Trzaskowski will go head to head in a second round a fortnight from now, on 12 July, in a vote that will determine Poland’s political future. Polls before Sunday’s vote suggested a runoff between the two candidates would be too close to call. Independent candidate Szymon Hołownia was in third place, while the far-right nationalist Krzysztof Bosak was in fourth. Since coming to power in 2015, PiS has put Poland on a collision course with Brussels over democratic backsliding and rule of law issues. After the party won parliamentary elections last year, a win for Duda would ensure a continued free hand to govern for several more years.