Legal challenges to anti-LGBTQ laws are under way in Africa and in the Caribbean. In the map above, which shows the 66 nations with anti-homosexuality laws, the nations with active legal challenges that could decriminalize homosexuality there are shown in yellow. The sodomy laws of four small Caribbean island nations are being challenged in the Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court. Those countries are Grenada, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent & the Grenadines, and Dominica. A decision in the case was expected earlier this year. In addition, lawyer/activist Maurice Tomlinson is challenging the anti-buggery law in his native Jamaica — an effort that has been slowed down by extensive legal maneuvering from powerful Jamaican homophobes. The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights ruled in late 2020 that Jamica’s sodomy laws contravene the American Convention on Human Rights, but so far that has not persuaded the Jamaican government to act.