Recently, Switzerland residents came to a referendum for introducing a law that would punish people for discrimination based on sexual orientation in the country. Many European countries, the US, and some countries of South America envisage punishment for homophobia. In Ukraine, homosexuality is still often condemned, and people of homosexual orientation are attacked. At the same time, we already had precedents for punishing insults of representatives of the LGBT community. Similar laws punishing homophobia exist in many European countries. So, in 2012, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) issued a verdict on the legality of the prosecution for the propaganda of homophobia. The case concerned appealing the conviction by the Swedish Supreme Court of four men who distributed homophobic leaflets in one of the schools.