The workshop was organized in response to a recommendation that Cameroon should “protect women, girls and all other vulnerable persons from all forms of violence”. That recommendation, which implied an obligation to fight against violence against LGBTI persons, was made during the most recent Universal Periodic Review (UPR) of human rights in Cameroon. The UPR reviews of each nation’s human rights record are arranged on a rotating basis according to a schedule from the U.N. Human Rights Council. The Sept. 23-24 workshop began with an analysis of the fight against HIV among LGBTI persons in Cameroon. Despite efforts of the Cameroonian government, the prevalence of HIV has risen among the key populations most at risk of infection, which include sexual minorities. To address this problem, a task force is being developed to improve the care and support of key populations, which will be included in the upcoming National Strategic Plan for the fight against HIV/AIDS.